A magistrate is an officer of the state; in modern usage the term usually refers to a judge. This was not always the case; in ancient Arathor, a magistrate was one of the highest government officers and possessed both judicial and executive powers (an institution that was recently restored).
Today, in legal systems such as the King's Law of Stormwind, a magistrate has limited law enforcement and administration authority and might serve as judge in a superior court. A related, but not always equivalent, term is Lord-Magistrate or High-Magistrate ("Lord" for those of noble birth, "High" for all others), which historically can denote a political and administrative officer.
Courts presided over by a Magistrate have jurisdiction over civil and criminal cases.
Magistrates of the RealmEdit
Magistrate Henry Maleb (NPC)
Magistrate Solomon (NPC)
Magistrate Rutherford Burnside (NPC)
Magistrate Baldrec Ashcroft
Lord-Magistrate Erich Gottfried Manstein (ret.)